LEXUS RX 300

1998 — 2003 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Lexus RX 300
+ Lexus RX-300 cars
+ Governing bodies and methods of operation
- Settings and routine maintenance of the car
   General information
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Check of levels of liquids, control of leaks
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
   General checks of the brake system
   Check and replacement of the saloon filter of a heater and To/in
   Check of a state and replacement of hoses of a motive compartment, localization of leaks
   Check of a state and replacement of belts of the drive of auxiliary units
   Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
   Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Replacement of brake fluid, pumping of the brake system
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts and hinges of the driveshaft
   Check of operability of lighting fixtures, horn and fan of a heater
   Check of the EVAP system
   Check of a state, adjustment and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery and care of it
   Replacement of the cooling liquid (CL)
   Check and adjustment of valvate gaps
   Check and adjustment of the course of pedals of the working and parking brake
   Check of boots of the parking brake
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems of the engine, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
+ A power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Automatic transmission and interaxal differential
+ Transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schematic diagrams of electric connections


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General checks of the brake system

The dust which is formed as a result of wear of slips and accumulating on components of the brake mechanism may contain asbestos hazardous to health. Do not blow this dust by means of compressed air and do not inhale it! Do not use solvents on the basis of gasoline for removal of dust.


Except checks through the established time intervals a condition of brake mechanisms it is necessary to carry out every time at removal of wheels or at emergence of signs of malfunction in system.

Signs of malfunctions in the brake system

Disk brake mechanisms have the built-in indicators of wear of frictional slips signaling that wear of slips reached critical size. At the same time slips should be changed immediately, otherwise brake disks will be damaged and they will need expensive repair.

Any of the listed below signs can indicate potential defect of the brake system:

  • When squeezing a pedal of a brake the car "takes away" in one party;
  • Brake mechanisms when braking make the scraping or squealing sounds;
  • The pedal of a brake has the excessive course;
  • The pedal of a brake pulses (it normally only during the work of the ABS system);
  • Leak of brake fluid is observed (tires, usually noticeable on inside, or wheels).

In case of detection at least of one of these signs immediately examine the brake system.

Brake lines and hoses

In the brake system steel brake tubes, except for the flexible reinforced hoses at wheels are generally used. Regular survey of all these lines is very important.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Park the car on the flat platform.
  2. The car also establish to Poddomkratta it on props then remove wheels.
  3. Check all brake lines and hoses for existence of cracks and attritions in their external covering, leaks, swellings and deformations. Check brake hoses in forward and back parts of the car for existence of signs of a softening, cracks, deformations or wear as a result of friction about other components. Check all nipple connections for existence of signs of leaks and make sure of reliability of fastening of all bolts and clips of brake hoses.
  4. Bend hands in one and other parties a brake hose to reveal damages. It is not necessary to twist hoses.
  5. Turn a steering wheel to the right and to the left against the stop. Make sure that hoses at the same time do not touch car design elements.
  6. At detection of leak of liquid or their damages it is necessary to eliminate immediately. For more detailed description of the procedure of repair of the brake system address the Head the Brake system.

Check of thickness of brake shoes and disks

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. The car also establish to Poddomkratta it on props then remove the corresponding wheel.
  1. Check thickness of overlays of brake shoes and through an opening in a support of the brake mechanism.
  1. Thickness of an overlay of 1.0 mm is considered a limit of wear of a block (without metal substrate). In this case the brake shoe should be replaced (see the Head the Brake system).

As a rule, 1 mm of wear of a brake shoe corresponds to, at least, 1000 km of a run under adverse service conditions. In usual conditions of a slip are erased much more slowly. So, at a thickness of brake overlay of 3.0 mm (without a substrate) brake shoes will be enough still, at least, for 1500 km of a run.

  1. In case of doubt in correctness of measurement remove brake shoes and measure slip thickness by a caliper. If degree of wear is already reached, replace brake shoes. At the same time replace all 4 overlays of wheels of one axis, even in case only one slip wore out.
  2. Check supports of the brake mechanism for existence of leaks. At leaks urgently repair a support of the brake mechanism.
  3. Visually check brake disks from internal and outer side for existence of furrows, a rust, cracks, if necessary replace disks.
  1. Measure thickness of brake disks in several places by means of a micrometer or a special caliper. It is also possible to measure thickness of a brake disk by a usual caliper, having enclosed from each its party a lining of the known size (for example, two coins), and then having subtracted lining thickness from the measured value.
  1. Compare minimum of the received results to requirements of Specifications to the Head the Brake system. If the limit of wear is reached, replace surely both brake disks of wheels on one axis. The brake disk should be replaced also at big cracks or furrows with depth of more than 0.5 mm.
  2. Establish wheels and lower the car on the earth.

Check of the parking brake

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Park the car on a plain surface and release the parking brake.
  2. The car has to move manually, action of brakes should not be felt.
  3. Cock the lever of the parking brake on 1 click (the European models) or press a pedal of the parking brake (the American models), the car has to remain on the place in attempt to shift it manually.
  4. Completely cock the lever of the parking brake (the European models) – it should not be cocked more, than on 5 clicks. Otherwise adjust the parking brake (see the Head the Brake system).